A Keto diet is well known for being a low carb diet, where the body produces ketones in the liver to be used as energy. It’s referred to as many different names – Ketogenic diet, low carb diet, low carb high fat (LCHF), etc.
When you eat something high in carbs, your body will produce glucose and insulin.
- Glucose is the easiest molecule for your body to convert and use as energy, will be chosen over any other energy source.
- Insulin is produced to process the glucose in your bloodstream by taking it around the body.
Since the glucose is being used as a primary energy, your fats are not needed and are therefore stored. Typically, on a normal, higher carbohydrate diet, the body will use glucose as the main form of energy. By lowering the intake of carbs, the body is induced into a state known as ketosis.
Ketosis is a natural process the body initiates to help us survive when food intake is low. During this state, we produce ketones, which are produced from the breakdown of fats in the liver.
The end goal of a properly maintained keto diet is to force your body into this metabolic state. We don’t do this through starvation of calories but starvation of carbohydrates.
Our bodies are incredibly adaptive to what you put into it – when you overload it with fats and take away carbohydrates, it will begin to burn ketones as the primary energy source. Optimal ketone levels offer many health, weight loss, physical and mental performance benefits.
KETOGENIC DIET IN A NUTSHELL
A ketogenic diet is a type of low carbohydrate diet that is high in fat, moderate in protein and low in carbs. Typically, the macronutrient ratio in terms of calories sits within the following ranges:
- 60-75% of calories from FAT (or even more)
- 15-30% of calories from PROTEIN
- 5-10% of calories from NET CARBS
Get your daily net carbs (total carbs minus fiber) down to less than 50 grams, preferably 20-30 grams. Increase slowly to find the optimal carb intake that allows you to stay in ketosis. Keep your protein intake moderate. Your body fat percentage determines the optimal protein intake (0.6 to 1 gram per pound / 1.3 to 2.2 grams per kg of lean body mass). Increase the proportion of calories that come from healthy fats (monounsaturated, omega 3s, saturated). Limit your consumption of fruits to coconut, avocado and a small amount of berries. Also, avoid eating low carb treats if they trigger cravings. Eat when you are hungry, even if it’s a meal a day. Don’t let others dictate what you eat or how often you eat. You don’t have to limit quantities of food deliberately, but you should stop eating when you feel full, even if the plate is not empty - keep it for later. Don’t count calories - listen to your body needs. Ketogenic and low-carb diets have a natural appetite control effect and you will eat less. Keep an eye on your calorie intake only if you reach a weight loss plateau. Increase the quantity of water you drink - at least 2-3 liters a day.
Retrieved from KetoDiet App Guide